First female scientist
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Marie Curie discovered two new elements, Polonium and Radium
Carried out revolutionary research into radioactivity
“Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less.”
First female astronaut
Went on a mission Vostok 6 which successfully orbited Earth 45 times
She stayed in outer space for 71 hours
“If women can be railroad workers in Russia, why can’t they go to space?”
First female doctor
She received her medical degree in 1849 and was the first woman to do so
During the American Civil War, she trained nurses to take care of the sick and wounded
In 1846 she opened a women’s medical college in New York City
“If society will not admit woman’s free development, then society must be remodeled.”
First female engineer
Edith Clarke invented the first graphical calculator to simplify calculations for long electrical transmission lines
She studied at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and earned a degree in electrical engineering
“There is no demand for women engineers, as such, as there are for women doctors; but there's always a demand for anyone who can do a good piece of work.”
Hypatia of Alexandria
First female mathematician
Constructed the astrolabe, which is used to calculate the date and time according to the positioning of stars and planets. It was often used in ship navigation.
She was one of the first women to teach mathematics, astronomy and philosophy
“Reserve your right to think, for even to think wrongly is better than not to think at all.”
1.“Marie Curie the Scientist: Biog, Facts & Quotes.” Marie Curie, www.mariecurie.org.uk/who/our-history/marie-curie-the-scientist#:~:text=Marie%20Curie%20is%20remembered%20for,to%20finding%20treatments%20for%20cancer. Accessed 14 May 2023.
3. George Szasz. “Elizabeth Blackwell, Remembering a Pioneering MD.” -, 21 Jan. 2022, bcmj.org/blog/elizabeth-blackwell-remembering-pioneering-md#:~:text=On%2023%20January%201849%2C%20Elizabeth,medical%20degree%20in%20the%20US.
4. “Edith Clarke.” Biographies - Edith Clarke, msa.maryland.gov/msa/educ/exhibits/womenshallfame/html/clarke.html#:~:text=Clarke%20left%20New%20York%20to,in%20that%20field%20from%20MIT. Accessed 14 May 2023.